In response to climate change, the most critical issue of the century, the city of Seoul is committed to
transforming itself as a global climate and environment capital and driving various policies to make Seoul a
healthy, pleasant and sustainable environment.
The capital city of Korea, Seoul is surrounded by Mt. Bugaksan, Naksan, Namsan, and Inwangsan inside
of its 4 Great Gates as well as Mt. Bukhansan, Gwanaksan, Yongmasan and Deokyangsan outside of the
Gates while Han River runs through the city, providing water in abundance. Such features make Seoul a
city with an excellent environment. Understanding the tremendous value of the environment, the Seoul
Metropolitan Government is committed to carrying out policies to ensure that humans harmoniously
coexist with the beautiful nature while developing a safe and healthy city. Furthermore, Seoul is devoted to
hear the voices of its citizens and encourage great public participation in the process of policy design and
To this end, Seoul has been carrying out a multitude of energy policies to create a healthy and safe city
for the future generation. Specifically, Seoul is making every endeavor to improve air quality, eliminate
malodor and noise, encourage less consumption, and to expand resource circulation in the city. At the
same time, much efforts and resources have been channeled to create parks in the city, making it a perfect
place walks with families. Furthermore, Seoul’s integrated urban environment policies for energy, waste,
construction and transportation has helped the city effectively respond to climate change, reduce greenhouse
gas emissions and enhance energy efficiency. Meanwhile, Seoul remains willing to share its exemplary
policies, experiences and knowhow with other municipalities or cities around the world.
Citizens have also played an important role in the transformation of the city. Through public participation,
the city was able to reduce energy consumption by 2 million TOE, the amount generated by one nuclear
power plant. Also, thanks to the widespread public appreciation of sharing and recycling instead of
ownership, a secondhand market is held every Sunday in Gwanghwamun area, right at the heart of Seoul.
As such, it is the cooperation between the city government and citizens that leads to meaningful changes.
Together, we create a culture of environmental-conscious consumption. Together, we create a dynamic city
where recycling and energy efficiency contribute to vitalizing industries. The joint efforts help make Seoul a
leading environment city where 10 million Seoulites and all the visitors can truly enjoy.
This booklet includes the past, the present and the future of Seoul’s environmental policies. Even against
many great odds in the process, we remained committed to our cause, collecting the wisdom of our citizens
and experts to make Seoul a livable city.
Although I cannot explain all of the policies in the space allowed, I do believe that sharing our experiences
will serve as a dynamic push for other cities to follow the footsteps of Seoul.
출처: 서울시-환경·공원·상수도 – Pleasant, Healthy and Sustainable City SEOUL